Manufacturer: Carr China Company
User: Richmond Public Schools – Richmond, Virginia
Date of plate: 1936
Notes: From Wikipedia: "Richmond did not have public schools during much of the 19th century, only private institutions funded by user fees or charities. From 1906 until 1962, the city of Richmond segregated its public schools by race, and schools serving African American Virginians received less funding and poorer facilities, which led in part to the U.S. Supreme Court's two decisions in Brown v. Board of Education in beginning in 1954. Defiance of those decisions by the Commonwealth of Virginia led to the Massive Resistance crisis in the state which lasted more than a decade. One of the people involved in eventual peaceful desegregation of Richmond's public schools was Eleanor P. Sheppard, who began her public involvement with the Parent-Teacher Association of her children's school in the Ginter Park neighborhood. In 1954, 'Mrs. Sheppard' became the first woman elected to the Richmond City Council, and she became the city's first female mayor in 1962 and served in the Virginia General Assembly for a decade. The Richmond School Board acknowledged the crisis in part by naming an elementary school to honor her and one of the school district's first principals of African American descent, Overby-Sheppard Elementary School.
"The Richmond School district partly resolved the Massive Resistance crisis in its jurisdiction by eliminating racial terminology from this school district's official reports in 1962. Another important person in resolving the crisis was Virginia native and Richmond lawyer Lewis F. Powell Jr., who served as Chairman of the Richmond School Board from 1952 until 1961. Powell did not take any part in his law firm's representation of Prince Edward County, Virginia in Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, which became one of the five cases decided under the caption Brown v. Board of Education in 1954. The Richmond School Board also lacked authority at the time to force integration, since beginning in 1958, the state government assumed control over attendance policies. Powell later became president of the American Bar Association and an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States."
White body plate with a navy blue stripe around the rim close to the edge, and a burnt orange pinstripe around the rim close to the verge. Both stripes are broken at the top of the plate by the insertion of the Richmond Public Schools logo in burnt orange which consists of a circular drawing of blind lady justice with the stacked words and numbers "City of Richmond," "July 19th," and "1792." On the left of lady justice are the Latin words "Sic Itur" and on the right the words "Ad Astra," which translates: thus, one goes to the stars, or such is the way to immortality. Underneath this circular drawing are the wrapped words "Richmond Public Schools" in block letters.
Content: Susan and Ed Phillips